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Nevertheless, in most aspects, Grados will be the equivalent of the old intermediate degrees: Recommendations on Policing in Multi-Ethnic Societies. The Mexican Licenciatura , however, should never be confused with a more advanced postgraduate degree, such as the Swedish “Licenciate of Technology” Teknologie Licentiat. Retrieved 6 November Academic degrees Education in Switzerland.

Other disciplines, such as theology or journalism FU Berlin , used to offer a Lizentiat qualification instead of a PhD. Even after obtaining the diploma, graduates require passing a national exam to finally be awarded the professional licence. This program, which is offered at the degree level, is for individuals with a B. Staatsexamen but, unlike the latter, is assessed by the university, not the state administration. Most professions require the “Licenciatura” or “Professional Title” to be able to register with professional association or society Colegio Profesional. Archived from the original on 10 May In the past, a master’s degree would add 2 more years to the 4 to 6 years of the old undergraduate Licenciatura programs, thus taking 6 to 8 years of post-secondary education to obtain a master’s degree.

Due to the developments introduced by the Bologna Process in the mids, in Portugal the licentiate’s degree Licenciatura may refer to both old and new Licenciaturaswhich were awarded before and after the Bologna’s reforms, respectively.

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thfsis Grado BachelorMaster or Doctor. This degree is currently being phased out at Spanish universities, replaced by the ‘Grado’ Bachelor and ‘Master’ system due to the implementation of the Bologna Declaration on the European higher education area. The Licentiate of Engineering corresponds to ECTS credits 80 workweeks old creditsor nominally two years of full-time work, whereas a PhD amounts to ECTS credits workweeks old creditsor a nominal period of four years of full-time work one old credit equals one week of full-time studies.

Juleuven in public service, Grado holders will by default be in the A2 level the second highestwhile A1 the highest will be for Grado holders with additional requirements such as a Master’s or a Thesos, or a special Grado such as Medicine that is in many aspects equivalent to a Master. This compares with, for example in North American institutions, the four-year program for a B.

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Licentiate (degree)

It was the second level of university study, after that of Candidate or Kandidaat in Dutch or Candidat in Frenchabbreviated cand. In contrast, a doctoral thesis requires 4—6 articles and must demonstrate original research.

Retrieved 5 May Sincein the Portuguese higher education system, Licenciatura is the first degree awarded by institutions rechtdn higher education.

thesis kuleuven rechten

In Boliviaa Licenciatura is a professional degree distinct from the Anglo-Saxon Bachelor of Arts or Bachelor in Science, as it requires that the student take more credits for the completion of a professional curricula than those kuleyven in the Anglo-Saxon system. Archived from the original on 15 May For instance, as defined by the Brazilian National Council of Education Ministry of Educationa Licenciatura modality in Biological Sciences should include, in addition to specific topics of Biologycontents in the areas of ChemistryPhysics and Healthto attend elementary and secondary education.

Other qualifications for canon law include an inter-denominational LLM program at least one university Cardiffthough this degree would not have canonical effects in the Roman Catholic Church. In Swedish and Finnish universitiesa Licentiate’s degree, recognised as a pre-doctoral degree, is equal to completion of the coursework required for a doctorate and a dissertation which is formally equivalent to half of a doctoral dissertation.

In Spainthe Licenciatura degree was one of the major higher-education degrees previous to doctoral studies, and is equivalent to a Master’s degree in the anglophone system. Retrieved 8 June thesi This article needs additional citations for verification. The Licentiate’s degree is called a filosofie licentiat in Swedish and filosofian lisensiaatti in Finnish Licentiate of Philosophyteologie licentiat and teologian lisensiaatti Licentiate of Theology etc.

Licentiate (degree) – Wikipedia

By their nature, some disciplines such as NursingMedicine and Law require an intense theoretical background as well rechren practical training, and so a first university degree in those areas may take longer to complete up to 6 years. Nowadays, some universities do not use the word Licenciado or Licenciada as a prefix before the professional title, e.

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The proper doctorates in Denmark are considered higher degrees than the PhD i. Retrieved from ” https: Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. The resulting conclusions called for all European universities to change their degree programs to a bachelor’s degree and a master’s degree. The licentiate is particularly popular with students already involved in the working life, for the reason that completing a full doctor’s dissertation while working would be too difficult.

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Participation of Minorities in Constitution Building. As in many Latin American countries, the Licenciatura is a general term denoting the first higher-education degree awarded at universities, varying from 3 to 5 years of study, depending on the field. Certain maternity hospitals in Dublin used to award a Licentiate in Midwifery or LM diploma, not to midwives but to qualified medical practitioners who had been examined there after a three-month residential appointment.

Honorary degree Ad eundem degree. It is formally at the 2nd level of academic studies with the master studies at the same level.

thesis kuleuven rechten

The latter essentially indicated the rank of seniority in the various faculties arts, theology, law, medicinewhereas the licentia was literally the licence to teach. A notable exception to this development were the universities of Oxford and Cambridge, and the universities modelled after them. Archived from the original kulejven 20 September The third cycle was sometimes called postgrado.